Scientific Research

Avionics

What is Avionics ?

On a cold and windy morning in 1903, two brothers with a shared passion for technological innovation literally flew out of obscurity to international attention. On December 17th, they flew the world’s first powered airplane. Their experiments eventually led to the world’s first flying machine, but the accomplishment didn’t happen in a vacuum. The early 1900s was a ripe time for such an invention. Aerodynamics, structural engineering, engine design and fuel technology had all reached a stage of development where they could all be brought together to produce a practical flying machine.

Next to the purchase of an aircraft itself, avionics can be one of the larger expenditures involved in owning an aircraft. Avionics comes from the term “aviation electronics”, and therefore implies only aircraft electronics. Avionics is a provider of a wide range of avionics technologies from cockpit displays to inflight entertainment systems. However, this term is now used universally for electronics in aircraft (civil and military), general aviation and business aircraft, helicopters, and spacecraft. However, for non-aircraft avionics, it is common to put the modifier...

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What is Artificial Intelligence ?

ASIMO can walk along with you, can move carts and other objects around in the office. ASIMO can autonomously act as a receptionist, or even deliver drinks on a tray. ASIMO is able to run at 6km/h, and even turn whilst running. Meet ASIMO- a brand new humanoid launched by Honda in Japan. ASIMO is a robot that features the ability to pursue key tasks in a real-life environment such as an office with an advanced level of physical capabilities.

Artificial Intelligence or AI is a branch of computer science that studies how to endow computers with capabilities of human intelligence. It is multidisciplinary field encompassing computer science, neuroscience, philosophy, psychology, robotics, and linguistics, and devoted to the reproduction of the methods or results of human reasoning and brain activity.

How do we currently understand those “ideas which enable computers to do the things that make people seem intelligent?” Although the details are controversial, most researchers agree that problem solving (in a broad sense) is an appropriate view of the task undertaken by Al programs, and that the...

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What is Astrophysics ?

Black holes, stars, galaxies, super clusters, solar system…. Did you ever wonder how these came into being? If you are interested in studying more about neutron stars, white dwarfs, supernovae and neutron star production, the fundamental physics of electromagnetic radiation mechanisms, synchrotron radiation, particle acceleration models etc, then Astrophysics is the right choice for you.

Astrophysics is the part of astronomy that deals with the physics of stars, stellar systems, and interstellar material. It applies the laws of physics to astronomical bodies in order to help us understand how these bodies formed, how they interact with other bodies, and how they cease to be. Where astronomy traditionally is based on observing, astrophysics applies the principles of physics to ask “why?” and to make predictions.

Astrophysics also studies the physical properties (luminosity, density, temperature, chemical composition) of astronomical objects such as stars, galaxies, and the Please register yourself and buy our Website Membership to view full content for lifetime.

What is Nanotechnology?

“A mobile phone so small that even an ant can use it…” a commercial which clearly highlights the idea that from macro to micro, from micro to nano, Science has become more sophisticated and has naturally entered the realm of what is arbitrarily labeled asnanotechnology.

It is a technology that creates small materials at the scale of molecules by manipulating single atoms. The name nano comes from the size of molecules which is measured in nanometers – or one billionth of a meter (0.000000001 meter). Nanotechnology is the understanding and control of matter at dimensions of roughly 1 to 100 nanometers, where unique phenomena enable novel applications. Encompassing nanoscale science, engineering and technology, nanotechnology involves imaging, measuring, modeling, and manipulating matter at this length scale.

The term nanotechnology was created by Tokyo Science University Professor Norio Taniguchi in 1974 to describe the precision manufacture of materials with nanometer tolerances. In 1986 the term was reinvented and expanded by K. Eric Drexler, in the bookEngines of Creation, to the manipulation of matter on the scale of the nano-meter...

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What is Meteorology ?

You are fascinated by the dynamics of the atmosphere, are observant and eager to figure out answers to atmospheric changes, and excel in math and science. During a thunderstorm you listen to the thunder and count the number of seconds between that and the lightning bolts so that you can determine the distance of the storm- if most of this holds true in your case, a career in meteorology is a good bet.

Meteorology is the science of weather. It is essentially an inter-disciplinary science because the atmosphere, land and ocean constitute an integrated system. The three basic aspects of meteorology are observation, understanding and prediction of weather. There are many kinds of routine meteorological observations. Some of them are made with simple instruments like the thermometer for measuring temperature or the anemometer for recording wind speed. The observing techniques have become increasingly complex in recent years and satellites have now made it possible to monitor the weather globally. Countries around the world exchange the weather observations through fast telecommunications channels. These are plotted on weather charts and analysed by professional meteorologists at forecasting centres...

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The science of palaeontology is largely academic in its scope. Though fascinating to the layman as much as to the expert scientist, the reconstruction of ancient creatures and their environment is seldom applicable to material problems of human welfare. The location of aquifers, of structurally sound or unsound bases for large structures, of beds of coal, and similar problems of structural geology may be simplified by attention to the fossils present in neighbouring rock exposures, but usually the solution can be found without their aid.

In sharp contrast to the general case, palaeontology is applied extensively and indispensably in solving the structural problems associated with the discovery of petroleum. The need arose for a method of subdividing great thicknesses of lithologically uniform beds and of distinguishing between similar sediments known to lie both above and below certain oil sands. Palaeontology has filled this need, since the vertical ranges of fossils are limited and a given assemblage of forms can only occur within a fixed zone. A drawback to the practical use of most fossils lies in their limited availability: surface mapping is commonly necessary in areas of thick alluvial cover or deeply...

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What is Oceanography?

Oceanography, the science of the oceans, is of great significance to developing countries. Oceanography has been defined as ‘the scientific study of all aspects of the oceans, their boundaries and their continents’. It aims at finding out more about marine resources. Its purpose is to study the sea, and discover its potential to meet the demands of modern development.

Recently, ocean scientists have found in the Southwest Indian Ridge, one of the largest fields of seafloor vents gushing super-hot, mineral-rich fluids on a mid-ocean ridge that, until now, remained elusive to the ten-year hunt to find them.

Oceanography is a multi-disciplinary science, which comprises many specialised branches, mainly Chemical Oceanography, Geological Oceanography, Marine Biology, and Physical Oceanography. However, the one unifying goal of all the scientists in this field is to understand the sea.

 

What do I have to do ?

Oceanographers study a wide range of topics, including marine organisms and ecosystem dynamics; ocean currents, waves...

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What is Photonics ?

Infrared spectrometry, fibre optic imaging, photodynamic therapy of cancer, photo responsive liquid crystals …. The common denominator is Photonics.

Photonics is the technology of generating and harnessing light and other forms of radiant energy whose quantum unit is the photon. “Light” here includes infrared and ultraviolet radiation, as well as the light that is visible to our eyes.

In photonic systems, information signals are conveyed as pulses of light, rather than electricity, and these optical signals are transmitted by sending them along optical fibres – strands of special glass around 100 μm in diameter (about the thickness of a human hair). One of the major advantages of photonics is that these fibres can carry thousands of times more information than electrical wires. Photonic devices are used to convert electrical signals into optical signals and back again where necessary, when they enter and leave the fibres. Photonic devices are also beginning to be used to manipulate and ‘process’ optical signals directly, without the need for conversion. They can be fabricated from a wide variety of materials, including semiconductors (which are...

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What is Stem Cell Technology ?

Stem cells have been labelled the natural repair kit of the human body. The cells, collected from the umbilical cord blood at the time of birth, are the building blocks of our blood and immune systems and have the potential to grow into any other type of cells. They form the white cells that fight infection, red cells that carry oxygen and platelets that promote healing. Stem cells present in bone marrow and umbilical cord can generate new cells throughout our lives. Umbilical cord blood stem cells have been used over the years in an increasing number of treatments including leukaemia, malignant tumours, blood disorders and red cell disorders.

In the last few years, more than 10,000 patients in over 150 countries have been treated with cord blood stem cell transplants. Currently, research in the use of stem cells to treat more than 85 diseases is being undertaken.

The two broad types of mammalian stem cells are: embryonic stem cells that are isolated from the inner cell mass of Please register yourself and buy our Website Membership to view full content for lifetime.

What is Toxicology ?

Was Napoleon poisoned through small doses of arsenic ? Unresolved issues like these can change historical interpretation if not the course of history ! This and much more comes within the scope of Toxicology, traditionally known as “the science of poisons.” As our understanding of how various agents can cause harm to humans and other organisms, a more descriptive definition of toxicology is  “the study of the adverse effects of chemicals or physical agents on living organisms”.

Toxicology is the study of the nature, effects and detection of poisons and the treatment of poisoning, its harmful effects of substances on the body, including the level of toxicity, the mechanism by which toxicity occurs and how it can be controlled. It seeks to determine the mechanisms by which chemicals produce adverse effects in cells and organisms.

These adverse effects may occur in many forms, ranging from immediate death to subtle changes not realized until months or years later.  They may occur at various levels within the body, such as an organ, a type of cell, or a specific...

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