Psychology

Child Psychology

What is Child Psychology ?

“I have an 8 year old boy, who refuses to do anything on his own, which includes almost everything he has to do in a day. This has ended up getting us very frustrated with him. Our whole day is a big chore in waking him up, sending him to school, doing homework, dinner, bath. Just about everything is a big task with him as he will not do it himself or even after being told 50 times. How can we solve this behaviour issue. Who do we take him to ? Does he need medical attention or counselling…..I need some help here” says a frustrated parent.

There may be certain things you say and do as a well meaning parent, which causes your child to feel bad about himself through no fault of your own. 8 year old Aryan would flare up every time his parents asked him to clean up his room, because he was compounded with a feeling of guilt that he hadn’t yet cleaned it up, a feeling of inadequacy for being unable...

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Animal Psychiatry / Behaviour

What is Animal Psychiatry ?

Does your dog jump all over you, block your way and sometimes bite visitors? Do you have a behavior problem with your dog, cat or other pet? Confused about what to do because you’ve received conflicting information? An Animal Psychiatrist / Behaviorist should be your first resource. After your pet has been examined by your veterinarian, an animal Psychiatrist helps you find the best solution for you and your dog, cat, or other species of pet.

In the old days, he would simply have been called naughty. Today, he could be diagnosed as suffering from a “hierarchy-related disorder” and be prescribed tranquillizers and therapy. It is no longer just crazy millionaires, but ordinary people who take pets to behaviour specialists. Dejected dogs are prescribed Prozac anti-depressants or generic equivalents and tranquillizers designed specially for them. Cats which suffer from “territorial disorders” after moving house are given therapy by reducing the anxiety-producing new territory to a small room. Pet psychologists even treat jealous parrots and lovebirds which fall in love with their owners !

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What is Clinical Psychology ?

“I chose a career in Clinical Psychology because I liked the balance between science and humanity. I wanted to do something worthwhile that would also be intellectually stimulating, says a Clinical Psychologist.

Clinical psychology includes the scientific study and application of psychology for the purpose of understanding, preventing, and relieving psychologically-based distress or dysfunction. It promotes subjective well-being and personal development. Central to its practice are psychological assessment and psychotherapy, although clinical psychologists also engage in research, teaching, consultation, forensic testimony, programme development and administration. In many countries it is a regulated mental health profession.

In the first half of the 20th century, Clinical Psychology was focused on psychological assessment, with little attention given to treatment. This changed after the 1940s when World War II resulted in the need for a large increase in the number of trained clinicians. Since that time, two main educational models have developed—the Ph.D. (focusing on research) and the Psy.D. (focusing on practice). Clinical psychologists are now considered experts in providing psychotherapy, and generally train within four primary theoretical orientations—Psychodynamic...

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What is Counselling Psychology ?

Many people have problems in the world and sometimes, these problems become too much to handle. They seek out help and look for someone to talk to. A Counselling psychologist is the ideal professional to turn to for help in times of personal crisis. Like other practices of Psychology, Counselling psychology aims to determine the causes, find prevention methods, come up with the prognosis and diagnosis of the patient, and possible treatment to improve the lives of their client.

Counselling psychology is a branch of applied psychology concerned with the integration of psychological principles and therapeutic processes. It adopts a reflective practitioner approach combining understanding both from formal psychological enquiry and from the interpersonal relationship between practitioner and client.

Counselling psychology as a psychological specialty facilitates personal and interpersonal functioning across one’s life span with a focus on emotional, social, vocational, educational, health-related, developmental, and organizational concerns. Through the integration of theory, research, and practice, and with a sensitivity to multicultural issues, this specialty encompasses a broad range of practices that help people improve their well-being, alleviate distress and...

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What is Educational Psychology ?

If you are someone who likes to work with others, specifically by giving guidance to adolescents and young adults, this could be a rewarding career.

The study of Educational Psychology explains the different aspects of the development of the child, the individual differences, adjustment and its implication. It also explains the growth of human beings and their behaviour.

Educational psychology is the study of how humans learn in educational settings, the effectiveness of educational interventions, the psychology of teaching, and the social psychology of schools as organizations. The terms “educational psychology” and “school psychology” are often used interchangeably.

Educational psychology is concerned with the processes of educational attainment among the general population and sub-populations such as gifted children and those subject to specific disabilities. It draws from and contributes to cognitive science and the learning sciences.

What do I have to do ?

To understand the characteristics of learners in childhood...

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What is Organisational Behaviour ?

“Best practices in corporate governance can only emerge when informed by an established set of business principles and a defined approach towards organisational behaviour”, says a management consultant. Most organizations have realized the importance of a code of behavioral norms for enhancing their productivity.

Do you have what it takes to be successful in the world of workplace strategy? From the smallest enterprise to the largest corporation, organisations are created and designed by people to fulfill human objectives.  Organisational Behaviour, Human Resource Management and Industrial Relations, lay down the basics for understanding organisations and people in work settings. It is thus the study of the performance of individuals and groups in different structures and cultures within the workplace.

Organisational behaviour is the study of what people think, feel and do in and around organisations. It explores individual emotions and behavior, team dynamics and the systems and structures of organisations. Employee engagement or involvement also contributes actively to the work culture of a company / organization. Organisational behaviour seeks to provide an understanding of the factors necessary for managers...

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What is Psychology ?

“Its all in the MIND”. Derived from the Greek word “psyche”, (mind) and “logos” (study), is what Psychology is all about ! Who am I? Why do I behave like I do ? What could I be as a person … are some of the questions addressed by this behavioral science. Psychology thus seeks to understand the complex functions of the human brain – how it produces consciousness, learning, memory, emotion, language, perception, creativity etc. It does this through a rigorous scientific approach, experimental scientific methods, statistics and research to observe and assess human and animal behaviour.

Some of the key branches of Psychology are : Clinical Psychology, Abnormal Psychology, Educational Psychology, Occupational, Industrial, Social, Counselling, Experimental etc.

 

What do I have to do ?

Clinical psychologists work in hospitals and clinics seeing patients who are referred by psychiatrists and other medical specialists. The patients include children and their parents, adolescents, adults and elderly people or individuals with behavioural problems and psychological difficulties. Abnormal psychologists study psychological dysfunctions such as schizophrenia, depression...

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What is Sports Psychology ?

Athletes spend a lot of their time physically practicing to get an edge on the competition, but most athletes fatigue mentally before they fatigue physically, due to the fact that their mind is not in as good shape as their bodies.

Over the past several years, both coaches and athletes have started to realize that strength, speed and other athletic skills are not sufficient for the production of championship athletes. Athletic performance has three parts: physical preparation, technical skill, and psychological readiness. This model suggests that if any of the above areas are neglected, athletic performance will decline. However, psychological preparation is the component that is most often neglected by athletes and coaches alike.

Your body is a mass of muscles and nerves linked together into the central processing unit which is your brain. Sports psychology seeks to show you how to use that central processing unit to its greatest effect in controlling your body to give optimum sporting performance.

The main approaches to Sports Psychology are:

  • Goal Setting
  • Imagery and Simulation
  • ...

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