Paramedical Sciences

Audiology

What is Audiology ?

“For young children, the sound of silence is frustrating. They learn to talk by listening to others speak. Does your child seem to have difficulty understanding you? Is your child slow in learning to talk or asks to hear things repeated? Many children have, or will develop a speech, language or hearing disorder. Early detection is critical and hearing loss can be identified and treated even in newborn babies. If you suspect a problem with your child’s hearing, speak up. Contact an audiologist near you”, says a renowned audiologist.

Cochlear implants, hearing aids, Meniere’s disease, perforated tympanic membrane…. treatments such as these are offered by Audiologists who are professionals dedicated to providing quality hearing care to the public. Audiology is the study of hearing, hearing disorders, and habilitation/ rehabilitation for individuals who have hearing loss. It encompasses the study of how the hearing mechanism works; the assessment of hearing and listening disorders.

Employing various testing strategies (e.g. hearing tests, otoacoustic emission measurements, and electrophysiologic tests), audiology aims to determine whether someone can hear...

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Nursing

What is Nursing ?

Nursing, a profession that recalls the name of Florence Nightingale is indeed one of the noblest professions in the world. It is a vital component of any form of medical care. A nurse is a healthcare professional who is focused on caring for individuals, families, and communities, ensuring that they attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and functioning. Nurses are capable of assessing, planning, implementing, and evaluating care independently of physicians, and they provide support from basic care to emergency surgery.

What do I have to do ?

The work of hospital nurses consists of the physical and psychological care of people who are physically or mentally ill or physically or mentally handicapped. The essence of the work is caring. They familiarise themselves with the patient’s medical history and circumstances, keep careful records of treatment and response and carry out doctors’ instructions. Nurses  work  as  part  of a  ward  team  which  usually consists of a sister-in-charge, staff nurses, enrolled  nurses, pupil and student nurses and nursing auxiliaries/assistants. At the practical level...

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Occupational Therapy

What is Occupational Therapy ?

Ten-year-old Mohan was in an accident while going on the school bus. Although he survived the accident, it left him with a brain injury. To improve some of his cognitive (thinking) and comprehension skills, Mohan’s doctors recommended that he receive occupational therapy. At first, his parents were slightly skeptical about whether occupational therapy (OT) could benefit their son. They had never heard of OT and wondered if it was more appropriate for adults. But after watching his activities and  improvements, his parents felt hopeful that Mohan was on the road to recovery.

Occupational Therapists work with the disabled, the elderly, newborns, school-aged children, and with anyone who has a permanent or temporary impairment in their physical or mental functioning. Occupational therapists also may work with individuals who are dealing with alcoholism, drug abuse, depression, eating disorders, or stress-related disorders.

What do I have to do ?

Occupational therapists (OTs) help people improve their ability to perform tasks in their daily living and working environments. They...

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Physiotherapy

What is Physiotherapy ?

Jyoti had been suffering from rheumatoid arthritis for 15 years and her condition only worsened with age. In desperation, she tried physiotherapy. Besides relieving the pain, the treatment improved and maintained her muscle strength. After six months of vigorous exercise and electrical muscle stimulation, along with lifestyle changes, Jyoti could walk normally.

More than 90 per cent of joint pains and dysfunctions are cured successfully through a supervised rehabilitation program, which includes hands-on treatment techniques, exercises and preventive education.

Physiotherapy may be defined as a science that seeks to improve movement dysfunction, promote optimal health and functions of the human body. It involves the assessment, maintenance, restoration of the physical function and performance of the body and is strongly recommended for people with degenerative disorders, the physically challenged, sportspersons and those suffering from arthritis and neurological disorders. This preventive and remedial procedure is often used as a supplement with oral medicines. It could also include heat radiation, water therapy, massages, diathermy, traction and other procedures.

Ultimately, physiotherapy helps...

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Radiologist

What is Radiology ?

X-ray, CT, MRI, ultrasound, radiation therapy  ….. does this sound familiar ? Almost everyone has experienced one of these procedures. A radiologist is an explorer of the human body. From simple X-rays to the most high-tech 3-D imagery, radiologists can now examine and diagnose illness inside the body from outside the body. This procedure is non invasive, and saves you the trouble of having to say, “Ahhhhhh.” Thus, the work of a radiologist is to study images of body tissues, bones and organs for diagnosis and therapy. They are able to detect patches in the chest, ulcers in the intestines, stones in the kidney etc. 

What do I have to do ?

Radiology is the use of radiation for different types of “imaging,” including X-rays. Imaging simply means creating an image of the inner configuration of a dense object, such as part of the human body, with the use of radiant energy. Radiology is also sometimes called radioscopy or Clinical Radiology, the latter due to the many uses of...

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