Medical and Health Sector

Overview

Medical Imaging Technology (MIT) is the use of X-ray, Fluoroscopy, Ultrasound, CT scan, MRI, Angiography and PET technologies to diagnose diseases. By extending human vision into the very nature of the diseases, medical imaging enables a more powerful generation of diagnosis and intervention. Graduates of Medical Imaging Technology have a wide range of career opportunities in hospitals/clinics (Patient care), corporate houses, software development team (for medical imaging systems), teaching and research.

Radiographers are in demand, in India and globally. Healthcare services are growing, especially in our country. A radiographer or a medical imaging technologist is an individual who uses technology to view a non-uniformly composed material such as the human body. The earliest discovery among the imaging technologies was the X-ray, which was discovered by Roentgen in 1895. In the past 30 years, the field has seen accelerated growth in technology with the dawn of interventional radiology and nuclear medicine and the introduction of cross-sectional imaging.

Eligibility

  • The minimum eligibility for a degree is Class 10+2 with Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry with minimum aggregate...

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Biomedical Engineering

What is Biomedical Engineering ?

Artificial intelligence, neural networks, lasers, optical fibre systems, x-ray diagnosis … all this and many more technical innovations like these come under the purview of Biomedical Engineering. Biomedical Engineering is a discipline concerned with the development and manufacture of prostheses, medical devices, diagnostic devices, drugs and other therapies. It is more concerned with biological, safety and regulatory issues than other forms of engineering. It may be defined as “the application of engineering principles and techniques to the medical field”.

Biomedical Engineering is a highly interdisciplinary and upcoming field of technology. Being an integrating medium for two dynamic professions – Medicine and Engineering, this discipline has the broad objective of assisting in the struggle against illness and disease by providing tools and techniques for research, diagnosis and treatment. It combines engineering expertise with medical needs for the enhancement of health care. It is a branch of engineering in which knowledge and skills are developed and applied to design and solve problems in biology and medicine. Biomedical Engineers may be called upon to design instruments and devices, to bring together...

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Medical Law And Ethics

What is Medical Law and Ethics ?

You trusted your medical provider to give proper care for an illness or condition, but sadly, that wasn’t the case. So what do you do when you’ve been injured or you’ve lost a loved one due to the medical negligence or malpractice of a physician, hospital, or other healthcare professional? Turn to the legal counsel of a medical lawyer. When you become seriously injured by another person’s negligent actions, you may want someone on your side—someone who knows the laws, understands your rights, and can help you through the legal process.

In a medical malpractice lawsuit, you can pursue compensation for medical expenses, lost income, diminished earning capacity, loss of companionship, funeral and burial costs, pain and suffering, disfigurement, disability, and in cases in which the medical professional’s actions were intentional, punitive damages. Some issues involved in medical ethics include assisted suicide, cloning, human genetic engineering, stem cell research, contraception and more.

The interface between law, medicine and ethics is a subject of great contemporary...

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Alternative Medicine

What is Alternative Medicine ?

Aromatherapy, Naturopathy, Ayurveda, Yoga …. these and many more are defined as therapeutic practices which are not currently considered an integral part of conventional allopathic medical practice. They may lack biomedical explanations but as they become better researched, some such as naturopathy, ayurveda and acupuncture, are being widely accepted. Therapies are termed as Complementarywhen used in addition to conventional treatments and as Alternative when used instead of conventional treatment.

Alternative therapies include, but are not limited to the following disciplines: folk medicine, herbal medicine, diet fads, homeopathy, faith healing, new age healing, chiropractic, acupuncture, naturopathy, massage, and homoeopathy. These therapies tell us about herbs and supplements, natural beauty products, and natural household products and help people improve their health and the quality of their lives.

 

What do I have to do ?

The ultimate goal is to empower consumers to take a proactive approach to their own wellness. The aim of alternative medicine is to stimulate the body’s natural healing...

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Anaesthetist

What is an Anaesthetist ?

Emergency case ….. a patient is wheeled into the operation theatre, an intravenous injection is given to make the patient unconscious, followed by a mixture of opiates and anaesthetic gases to keep the patient unconscious. A muscle relaxant is given to relax muscles of the patient to help the surgeon. Oxygen is administered constantly, initially with a mask over the face, and then through a breathing tube inserted through the mouth into the windpipe, after the patient is unconscious. A mechanical breathing machine, called a ventilator, is attached. All the patient’s bodily functions are carefully controlled and monitored. 50 minutes later, the surgery is complete, the effect of the muscle relaxants is reversed with two other drugs, and the anaesthetic gases discontinued. The patient is now conscious and able to breathe without help, the ventilator is stopped and the breathing tube removed. All intravenous drugs and anaesthetic gases are administered in appropriate amounts so that the patient is completely unconscious during the surgery, but awake and pain free at the end.

This is what an anaesthetic undergoes for each...

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Cosmetology

What is Cosmetology?

From hair designing to hair colouring, hairstyles to wigs, skin care products to age defying services, manicuring to shampooing, makeup to makeovers, Mac to Maybelline, Godrej to Garnier, 6 plus to 60 plus, everyone is involved in improving and enhancing their appearances with the “feel good” therapy – Cosmetology!

The cosmetic industry is roughly estimated at Rs. 1,800 crore and is growing at an impressive rate of 42 per cent per year. Mix, match and make mosaicthe new look for winter 2005– is the slogan for Lakme range of cosmetics for this winter.  L’Oréal, Lakmé, Kuene, Schwarzkopf and CavinKare Ltd. are coming up with new, fresh and trendy techniques to attract consumers. Their mantra is to provide professional services of international standards to their clients. The old one-room beautician’s parlour is now replaced with bigger, better, colourful, computerised and hitech beauty spas.

Cosmetologists are trained in many areas of beauty care, and do one, some, or all of these duties: They shampoo...

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Dermatology

What is Dermatology?

“I am looking for a dermatologist. I have sensitive/fair skin with lot’s of broken capillaries, mild scarring and more wrinkles than I should for my age-I would love a product or procedure that would address some of these issues”…

Peels and lasers for sun damaged skin, scarring and wrinkles on face, skin cancer, mole removal, sebaceous cysts ….these problems and many more are dealt with by dermatologists. Dermatology is a specialised field of medicine concerned with treating disorders and diseases related to nail, hair and skin. It answers the complete information needs of practitioners concerned with progress in research related to skin, clinical dermatology and therapy.

 

What do I have to do?

The work profile of a dermatologist is to diagnose the disease causing skin problems and to provide medical treatment to cure that affected area. Dermatologists deal with a wide variety of diseases including acne, warts, multiple inflammatory dermatoses, skin cancers, ulcers, and other dermatological and venereal diseases.

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Dietitian

A dietitian should preferably complete M.Sc (Nutrition), which is a 2 year course after graduation. Preferable fields of graduation are – Microbiology, Chemistry, Home Science, Medicine, Hotel management or catering technology. Other option is to pursue a 1 year PG Diploma in Nutrition and Dietetics. Fresh dietitians usually undergo training for 1 year in the F&B department of the hospital. After 5-10 years of experience, dietitians usually become consultants and run the dietetics department

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Home Science

What is Home Science ?

Home Science or Home Management is a skill which is a blend of science and art. It is not limited to activities within the home and the study of Home Science forms the basis of challenging professions in the field of Dietetics, Food and Nutrition, Public Health, Child Development. Moreover, work in this field makes connections with all kinds of disciplines such as design, sociology, languages, mathematics, industrial development, business management, public relations and the media.

You need to be articulate, self confident and a good communicator. The work provides an outlet for creative people with a sympathetic understanding of human needs and the ability to use their own initiative. You also require patience and sense of humour. For some types of work, notably research and development, a scientific and analytical approach is required together with meticulous accuracy.

What should I study ?

You can opt for Home Science as a subject at the Plus Two/ Intermediate level and it is recognized by CBSE and the...

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Hospital Management

What is Hospital Management ?

“At Wockhardt Hospitals, we offer you a fascinating taste of what it’s like to build your career with us. As Head of a Unit, you would be responsible for  overall patient care, education, research and community health and ensure that they conform to the policies of the Hospital. The job also involves ensuring effective utilization of physical and financial resources of the hospital as well as creating an organizational climate conducive to the growth and development of the personnel” – reads an ad for Hospital managers.

Hospitals have always fascinated you rather than scaring you off. You have an empathetic nature along with a flair for organization and an eye for detail. Then a career you can consider is Health and Hospital Management which is the top ten professions of the new millennium, according to a recent survey.

As healthcare management is increasingly privatised there is greater need for not only skillful doctors but also efficient hospital administrators. With increasing emphasis on quality of healthcare and patient satisfaction there is a tremendous need for...

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Nuclear Medicine

 

What is Nuclear Medicine ?

If you have an interest in the health sciences and computer technology and are looking for a people-oriented career, you could consider nuclear medicine technology.

 

Nuclear Medicine deals with the technique of medical imaging. It is a branch of medicine that is used for diagnosis as well as treatment of diseases. It uses radioisotopes to study the physiology and metabolism of the body. Computers and other equipments are used in this study. This imaging process is applicable to anatomical as well as physiological aspects.

Nuclear medicine has evolved as a major medical speciality for both diagnosis and therapy of serious diseases. Many of the nuclear medicine studies can measure the degree of function present in an organ, often eliminating the need for surgery. It is nuclear medicine that can best be used to study the function of a damaged heart, or restriction of blood flow to parts of the brain. The liver, kidneys, thyroid gland and many other organs are similarly imaged.

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Nutrition

What is Nutrition ?

Carbohydrates, fibres, lipids, metabolism and hormonal regulation, toxicology, epidemiology, immunology, protein and amino acids, vitamins and minerals. All these and more relate to the nutritional requirements of all living beings.

Nutrition is the process of nourishing, by which organisms obtain energy (in the form of food) for growth, maintenance, and repair. All the processes involved in the taking in and utilization of food substances by which growth, repair, and maintenance of activities in the body as a whole or in any of its parts are accomplished. It includes ingestion, digestion, absorption, and metabolism. You can enhance the quality of life through better nutrition.

A certified dietician or certified nutritionist integrates and applies principles derived from nutrition, biochemistry, physiology, food management, and behavioural and social sciences to achieve and maintain people’s health.

 

What do I have to do ?

A dietitian/nutritionist :

  • assesses nutrition needs and food patterns
  • plans for and directs the provision of...

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Oncology

What is Oncology ?

Rita had been suffering from cancer for several years and nearly died. However with the expert handling of medication for her cancerous tumour, she survived another 20 years. Good treatment from an oncologist administered in time, literally saved her life !

If you are looking for a career that has direct patient contact and which will make a large positive impact on many of your patients, oncology is ideal. If you lean towards clinical trial work, medical oncology may be the specialty to consider. If you are interested in technical aspects, as well as clinical work, then clinical oncology might be a more attractive choice.

Oncology is the branch of medicine that studies tumors (cancer) and seeks to understand their development, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. A physician who practices oncology is an oncologist. The term originates from the Greek onkos (ογκος), meaning bulk, mass, or tumor and the suffix -ology, meaning “study of”. Oncology requires expertise in a large number of medical and technical disciplines, from surgery to nutrition, immunology to biochemistry...

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Opthalmology

What is Ophthalmology ?

Laser Eye Surgery, Wavefront Treatment for Irregular Astigmatism, Excimer LASIK, Laser Thermal Keratoplasty, eye plastics and orbital surgery, pan – retinal photocoagulation –  all this and more constitutes Ophthalmology.

Eyes are the most precious organs of the body. As a philosopher said, they are the windows to our soul. Our perception of the visual world follows from a sequence of events leading from the eye to the brain. Understanding the normal function of the eye enables us to identify where and how the eye fails in disease states.

The brain mechanisms underlying the almost magical process of visual perception are one of the most fascinating challenges of modern science. In recent times remarkable progress has been made towards establishing the elements of an understanding of the way the visual world is recreated in our brain. There is an astonishing complexity and number of specialised, highly interconnected cortical regions. Each plays a unique role in processing a particular aspect of the input from the eyes. Experts have made large contributions to the understanding of the anatomy and...

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Orthodontics

What is Othodontics ?

specialists in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dental and facial irregularities. The correction of tooth and jaw alignment results in a healthy, attractive smile that’s good for life.

Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that specializes in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dental and facial irregularities. The technical term for these problems is “malocclusion,” which means “bad bite.” The practice of orthodontics requires professional skill in the design, application and control of corrective appliances, such as braces, to bring teeth, lips and jaws into proper alignment and to achieve facial balance.

 

What do I have to do ?

The process of aligning teeth is technically called Orthodontics. It may be loosely defined as the science of moving teeth, aligning irregular, crowded or spaced teeth. Dentists who have expertise in this field are called Orthodontists.

Anyone with mal-aligned or irregular teeth, crowded, overlapping teeth, or with gaps in between may require orthodontic treatment...

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Paediatrician

What is a Paediatrician ?

Choosing a doctor for your child is a task that deserves a lot of thought and some amount of research, because even if your child stays relatively healthy, you can bet on spending a significant amount of time in your paediatrician’s office – Height, weight check-ups, colic, vaccination shots, bumps and bruises … so making sure that you’ve got the right doctor for your child is absolutely imperative. And once chosen, the ideal is to maintain continuity in the child-paediatrician relationship.

A paediatrician provides specialist medical services to children from birth up to and including adolescence. They promote positive health and disease prevention in childhood and adolescence, advise on immunisation against communicable diseases, liaise with other health, education and welfare agencies.

Paediatrics is a tough but very attractive speciality.  It is a very broad based field of medicine and as a Consultant Paediatrician you may find yourself practicing simultaneously the opposite ends of the spectrum.  As a Paediatrician you are involved from neo natal intensive care to behavioural paediatrics. 

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Palliative Care

What is Palliative Care ?

It is always a shock to be diagnosed with cancer. Often the disease and its treatment cause pain and distressing symptoms. Some cancers progress to a point beyond treatment. The patient and the family feel helpless, depressed, defeated and angry. In the worst case, they quietly wait for death to end the suffering. However, there is some solace in the form of palliative care. This is where one supports the patient with love and care. It refers to the care of patients who need support during regular medical treatment and also those whose condition has worsened beyond the possibility of cure.

According to the WHO, at least a million terminal cases of cancer are diagnosed inIndiaevery year. Until recently, cancer patients could do little but suffer pain and discomfort during cancer treatment.

Palliative care is also an essential component of a comprehensive package of care for people living with HIV/AIDS because of the variety of symptoms they can experience – such as pain, diarrhoea, cough, shortness of breath, nausea, weakness, fatigue, fever, and confusion. Palliative care...

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Prosthetics & Orthotics

What is Prosthetics and Orthotics  ?

Twelve year-old Aditya was badly injured in an accident while going on the school bus. Although he survived the accident, it left him with a severe leg injury. To improve his motor skills, the doctors recommended that he receive an artificial limb. Very soon Aditya was on the road to recovery and could walk normally.

Devices, such as artificial limbs and braces, replace or augment missing or non-functioning body parts. Prosthetics and Orthotics is a medical and engineering based healthcare profession which deals with rehabilitation of physically handicapped individuals who suffer from limb malfunctions / abnormalities or absence or loss of limbs or other body parts. The loss of body parts may have been the result of an accident or amputation owing to medical conditions like diabetes or gangrene. In some cases the defect may be congenital i.e people are born with this handicap where a limb or a body part may be missing. Such a condition prevents a person from leading a normal life. There may also be cases where people suffering from conditions...

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Psychiatry

What is a Psychiatry ?

If you want to be in the medical profession; are interested in studying the functioning of the human mind and its intricacies; and have a keen desire to help patients with mental health problems, then Psychiatry offers a challenging and stimulating career. 

Psychiatry deals with mental, emotional and behavioural disorders. One of the most important activities of a psychiatrist is the assessment, diagnosis and treatment of patients through medication, counselling, psychotherapy or electrotherapy etc. Psychiatrists often work within a team of professionals including social workers, clinical psychologists and occupational therapists.

Various subspecialties and/or theoretical approaches exist which are related to the field of Psychiatry. They include the following:

Biological Psychiatry; an approach to psychiatry that aims to understand mental disorder in terms of the biological function of the nervous system.

Child and adolescent Psychiatry; a branch of psychiatry that specialises in work with children, teenagers, and their families.

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Public Health Administration

What is Public Health Administration ?

“A spate of dengue and chikungunya cases all over the country within the past month has health officials worried although the government is not yet ready to call it an epidemic” was the headline news recently. Even as cases of mosquito-borne diseases, dengue and chikungunya continue to rise across India, the government has sought the help of citizens in containing the “public health situation”.

Public Health, sanitation and vital statistics are the most important statutory obligations of  urban local bodies. Under a government statute not less than 30% of the annual revenue of each urban local body is to be earmarked for public health activities. Sweeping of roads, collection, removal and disposal of rubbish, removal of noxious vegetation, the adoption of preventive measures against the spread of communicable diseases, the cleaning and watering of drains, prevention of adulteration of food stuffs, medical and health care of expectant mothers and children through maternity and child welfare centers are a few among the wide range of health activities of urban local bodies.

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Sports Medicine

What is Sports Medicine ?

Imagine a cricket match in full steam. Sachin catches the ball and falls headlong hurting his back. A stretcher comes on field with a doctor in tow. This is where sports medicine comes in.

Sports medicine is a multi-disciplinary field which includes the physiological, biomechanical, psychological, and pathological aspects associated with exercise and sports. Sports medicine refers to many different areas of physical exercise and sports science that relate both to performance and care of injury. Within sports medicine are areas of specialization such as clinical medicine, orthopaedics, exercise physiology, biomechanics, physical therapy, athletic training, sports nutrition, sports psychology, and more.

Many professionals, in fact, use the term “sports medicine”, when in reality they are either team physicians, orthopaedic surgeons, exercise physiologists, bio-mechanists, physical therapists, athletic trainers, or others. Therefore, studying sports medicine means the study of one of these fields which combine medical principals and sciences with sport and physical performance, for maintaining a physically fit lifestyle.

 

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Veterinary Science

What is Veterinary Science ?

Do you love animals ? Have you successfully given “first aid” treatment to your pet before the vet could arrive ? Would you enjoy dealing with the well being of animals as a career ? Then read on …

The veterinarian’s job is to diagnose and treat diseases affecting animals. He / she administers first aid, performs surgery, prescribes medicines and vaccinates animals against diseases. Veterinary science helps safeguard human health through the careful monitoring of livestock, companion animals (domestic pets) and wildlife health. Animals nowadays often receive advanced medical, dental, andsurgical care including insulin injections, root canals, hip replacements, cataract extractions and even pacemakers !

Mad Cow disease, egg associated Salmonella, Catkins diet, bacteriology, epidemiology, immunology, parasitology and virology of infectious diseases of food animals, companion animals, equines and wild animals. All aspects of parasitology and zoonotic disease, as well as animal nutrition, equine...

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