Forensic Sciences


What is Criminology ?

‘Domestic Violence, Separation and Parenting’, ‘War against Terrorism’ ‘Migration, Identity and the State’ etc. all these are part of Criminology which is the scientific study of crime, criminal behavior and law enforcement.  Criminology is an advanced, theoretical field of study. It can be defined as the study of crime, the causes of crime (etiology), the meaning of crime in terms of law, and community reaction to crime. It embraces scholarly, scientific, and professional knowledge concerning the etiology, prevention, control and treatment of crime and delinquency.  This includes the measurement and detection of crime, legislation and practice of criminal law, as well as the law enforcement, judicial and correctional systems.

Criminology also has specialized divisions such as Corrections and Sentencing, Critical Criminology, Women and Crime, International Criminology, and Crime against minorities, Juvenile delinquency, drug abuse etc.

Critical Criminology deals with questions of social, political and economic justice. Critical Criminology is for academicians and researchers and deals with issues that include class, gender, race/ethnicity and heterosexism.

Criminology, as avocation, is...

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Cyber Forensics

What is Cyber Forensics ?

 As John Ashcroft, former U.S. Attorney General observed, there are many persons who seek to disrupt business and government by exploring vulnerabilities in the digital universe.

Cyber Crimes are any illegal activities committed using computers. Given our increasing dependency on computing technology in daily business processes, and the growing opportunity to use engineering technologies to engage in illegal, unauthorized, and unethical acts aimed at corporate infrastructure, every organization is at risk.

Cyber Forensic experts gather evidence and establish credible audit trails of electronic wrong doing. They know how to identify, gather, document, and preserve evidence of electronic tampering and misuse. Thus Computer forensics is a branch of forensic science pertaining to legal evidence found in computers and digital storage mediums. It is the application of scientifically proven methods to gather, process, interpret, and to use digital evidence to provide a conclusive description of cyber crime activities.  Cyber forensics also includes the act of making digital data suitable for inclusion into a criminal investigation. Today, Cyber forensics is a term used in conjunction...

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Forensic Accounting

What is Forensic Accounting ?

Forensic Accounting is more than just accounting…more than just detective work ! Forensic accounting is the practice of utilizing accounting, auditing, and investigative skills to assist in legal matters. Forensic Accountants are trained to look beyond the numbers and deal with the business reality of fraud. Thus it is mainly used to identify malpractices in a company’s accounts. Enron and Satyam frauds are good examples. Moreover, since 9/11 Forensic Accountants have also been playing a major role in tracing terrorists around the world !

What do I have to do?

It encompasses 2 main areas – litigation support, investigation and dispute resolution. Litigation support represents the factual presentation of financial issues related to existing or pending litigation. In this capacity, the forensic accounting professional quantifies damages sustained by parties involved in legal disputes and can assist in resolving disputes, even before they reach the courtroom. If a dispute reaches the courtroom, the forensic accountant may testify as an expert witness.

Investigation is the act of determining...

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Forensic Science

What is Forensic Science ?

Investigations concerning the London bombings, murder cases specially where there are a dearth of witnesses, paternity disputes etc. all have one factor in common today – the vital and increasing role of forensic experts.

Forensic science is the application of science to law. In criminal cases forensic scientists are often involved in the search for and examination of physical traces which might be useful for establishing or excluding an association between someone suspected of committing a crime and the scene of the crime or victim. Such traces commonly include blood and other body fluids, hair, textile fibres from clothing, precious metals etc, materials used in buildings such as paint and glass, footwear, tool and tyre marks, flammable substances used to start fires and so on. Sometimes the scientist has to visit the scene itself to advise about likely sequence of events, any indicators as to who the perpetrator might be, and to join in the initial search for evidence. Other forensic scientists analyse suspected drugs of abuse, specimens from people thought to have taken them or to have been driving after drinking too much alcohol, or to have been poisoned. Yet...

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